One of the famous festivals celebrated in India, Dussehra is celebrated on the 10th day of the Hindu autumn lunar month of Ashvin, which is between September and October.
The festival is observed for different reasons and celebrated differently in various parts of the Indian subcontinent. People all over the country participate in the occasion in their own way, with great zeal and enthusiasm.
This day marks the beginning of the harvest season in India and the 'mother earth' is invoked to reactivate the vigor and fertility in the soil. All this is done by performing rituals and religious activities on the day of Vijayadashami. It is believed that the rituals and customs invoke cosmic forces that lead to the rejuvenation of the soil.
Famously known as Dasha-hara, Dassera and Durgotsav, this festival has its own unique meaning. This is a festival which marks the victory of good over the evil. The word 'Dussehra' is made up of two Hindi words, 'Dus' and 'Hara', where 'Dus' means ten and 'Hara' annihilated. So,if these two words are combined, 'Dussehra' stands for the day when the ten evil faces.
Dussehra is a most important Hindu festival. It values a lot to the people to Hindu religion. This festival is of great religious and cultural significance. People celebrate this festival with big enthusiasm and beliefs.
This festival indicates the victory of goodness over badness mean triumph of truth over evil power. People celebrate this festival by following lots of rituals and pooja ceremony. Religious people and devotees keep fast for the whole day. Some people keep fast to only first and last day (9th day) However, some people keep fast for all nine days and worship Goddess Durga to get blessings and power. On the tenth day people celebrate Dussehra in the happiness of victory of Lord Rama over the demon king, Ravana. The day marks the victory of the seventh incarnation of Vishnu – Lord Rama when he killed the ten-headed demon Ravana and thereafter handed over the throne of his kingdom Lanka to his brother Vibhishana.
The day also marks the end of Durga Puja, where people remember goddess Durga’s victory over the buffalo demon Mahishasur, to help restore Dharma.
Navratri celebration culminates with Dussehra on the tenth day, when the idol of goddess Durga is immersed in a river or a lake.
The festival of Dussehra is unique in its perception and significance.